Emperor Hadrian's Villa Yields Posh, Arty Apartment

Originally Published by LiveScience; written by Owen Jarus on 3/25/2016: A 1,900-year-old building that would have served as an apartment within the estate of Roman Emperor Hadrian has been discovered in Tivoli, Italy. The building is full of lavish artwork, archaeologists said.

"The exceptionally well-preserved decoration of the rooms includes mosaic floors with both vegetal and abstract patterns, marble revetments [panels], wall paintings, and an almost entire ceiling fresco," the archaeologists wrote in the summary of a paper recently presented at the Archaeological Institute of America's annual meeting in San Francisco.

Much of the art is now in pieces, and the process of excavating and conserving it is a difficult one, said Francesco de Angelis, a professor of art history and archaeology at Columbia University in New York, who is directing the team's work. [See Photos of Building and Artwork at Hadrian's Villa]

"It's like a puzzle, we have all the pieces, we just have to put them together, and of course get them cleaned [and] consolidated," de Angelistold Live Science.

The newly discovered building was likely used as an apartment by a high-ranking individual, but not someone who was part of the emperor's closest entourage, he said. Similar apartments have been found at the Roman city of Ostia.These apartments "are comfortable, they are lavish to some extent," but are not the houses of the wealthiest aristocrats, de Angelis said.

The building's colorful wall paintings are gradually being conserved and put back together. The building's colorful wall paintings are gradually being conserved and put back together. The team carried out a mix of techniques, including radar scans, to see beneath the ground at the site, finding that the apartment is part of a larger unexcavated complex within Hadrian's Villa. "The building we are excavating was not isolated. It was part of a broader group of structures," de Angelis said. From the radar scans, the complex appears "almost like a neighborhood within the villa," de Angelis said, although he added he won't know what the rest of the complex is like until it is excavated.

Hadrian's Villa

Hadrian's Villa is located about 19 miles (30 kilometers) from Rome. In ancient times, it occupied about 300 acres (120 hectares) of land, or almost twice the land area of the city of Pompeii (although Hadrian's Villa has many more open spaces). The villa contained numerous structures, including shrines, palaces, baths, libraries and gardens.

De Angelis said that Hadrian (reign A.D. 117-138) traveled extensively throughout the Roman Empire, and there would have been long intervals during which he was not living in the villa. After Hadrian died, his successors also used the villa when their schedules allowed, de Angelis said.

"The real inhabitants of the villa, if you want, were the personnel and staff members that were there and maintained it, kept it clean and prepared it for the emperor when he came," said de Angelis,noting that archaeological evidence suggests that such staff occupied the villa continuously for several centuries. The team hopes to learn more about them in future field seasons.

Other Media Coverage:

Project Papers, Reports, Video:
Frischer and Fillwalk, VSMM 2012

Pre-print of a paper on the use of the simulation of the villa as an aid for the discovery of alignments between built features and the sun. Passed peer review and is accepted for publication in the Proceedings of VSMM 2012.
Nelms, Kvapil, Fillwalk, Frischer, CAA 2012

Pre-print of a paper with preliminary results on the study of the educational effectiveness of the Hadrian's Villa simulation. Passed peer review and is accepted for publication in the Proceedings of CAA 2012.
Digital Hadrian's Villa Project Video

A short video giving an overview of the Digital Hadrian's Villa Project. Topics covered include: location and use of the villa; the 3D reconstruction model; the project web site; the interactive Unity simulation; scholarly and instructional uses of the simulation.
Virtual Hadrian's Villa Launch

Recording of the live webcast of the Nov. 22, 2013 public launch of the project at the Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, DC. Note that the program starts at 19:00.

Project Partners:
IDIA Lab The website of the Institute for Digital Intermedia Arts (IDIA Lab).
The Virtual World Heritage Laboratory The website of the Virtual World Heritage Laboratory.