This building was closely connected to the adjacent Hospitalia and Imperial Triclinium. The building's importance is indicated by its opus sectile pavements. The ground floor, which gave access to the road coming up from the Temple of Venus, had a nymphaeum on the east. The second floor was at the same level as the Imperial Triclinium and had many rooms, including two one-person latrines (26-27) and a belvedere-triclinium (25) toward the east (the so-called "Valley of Tempe"). This level communicated with the access road below by means of a great staircase (28), and a second staircase led to the Hospitalia. The Pavilion of Tempe would thus have provided a terminus for members of the court arriving at or leaving the villa. The building dates to Phase II (125-133 CE).